The following is an example configuration file, interspersed with explanatory text. It defines two databases to handle different parts of the X.500 tree; both are BDB database instances. The line numbers shown are provided for reference only and are not included in the actual file. First, the global configuration section:
1. # example config file - global configuration section 2. include /usr/local/etc/schema/core.schema 3. referral ldap://root.openldap.org 4. access to * by * read
Line 1 is a comment. Line 2 includes another config file which containing core schema definitions. The referral directive on line 3 means that queries not local to one of the databases defined below will be referred to the LDAP server running on the standard port (389) at the host root.openldap.org.
Line 4 is a global access control. It applies to all entries (after any applicable database-specific access controls).
The next section of the configuration file defines an BDB backend that will handle queries for things in the "dc=example,dc=com" portion of the tree. The database is to be replicated to two slave slapds, one on truelies, the other on judgmentday. Indexes are to be maintained for several attributes, and the userPassword attribute is to be protected f rom unauthorized access.
5. # BDB definition for the example.com 6. database bdb 7. suffix "dc=example,dc=com" 8. directory /usr/local/var/openldap-data 9. rootdn "cn=Manager,dc=example,dc=com" 10. rootpw secret 11. # replication directives 12. replogfile /usr/local/var/openldap/slapd.replog 13. replica host=slave1.example.com:389 14. binddn="cn=Replicator,dc=example,dc=com" 15. bindmethod=simple credentials=secret 16. replica host=slave2.example.com 17. binddn="cn=Replicator,dc=example,dc=com" 18. bindmethod=simple credentials=secret 19. # indexed attribute definitions 20. index uid pres,eq 21. index cn,sn,uid pres,eq,approx,sub 22. index objectClass eq 23. # database access control definitions 24. access to attr=userPassword 25. by self write 26. by anonymous auth 27. by dn="cn=Admin,dc=example,dc=com" write 28. by * none 29. access to * 30. by self write 31. by dn="cn=Admin,dc=example,dc=com" write 32. by * read
Line 5 is a comment. The start of the database definition is marked by the database keyword on line 6. Line 7 specifies the DN suffix for queries to pass to this database. Line 8 specifies the directory in which the database files will live.
Lines 9 and 10 identify the database "super user" entry and associated password. This entry is not subject to access control or size or time limit restrictions
Lines 11 through 18 are for replication. See the Replication link for more information on these directives.
Lines 20 through 22 indicate the indexes to maintain for various attributes.
Lines 24 through 32 specify access control for entries in the this database. As this is the first database, the controls also apply to entries not held in any database (such as the Root DSE). For all applicable entries, the userPassword attribute is writable by the entry itself and by the "admin" entry. It may be used for authentication/authorization purposes, but is otherwise not readable. All other attributes a re writable by the entry and the "admin" entry, but may be read by all users (authenticated or not).
The next section of the example configuration file defines another BDB database. This one handles queries involving the dc=example,dc=net subtree but is managed by the same global section as the first database. Note that without line 39, the read access would be allowed due to the global access rule at line 4.
33. # BDB definition for example.net 34. database bdb 35. suffix "dc=example,dc=net" 36. directory /usr/local/var/openldap-data-net 37. rootdn "cn=Manager,dc=example,dc=com" 38. index objectClass eq 39. access to * by users read